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Benefits of Kiwi Fruits
Kiwi provides 5.5% of the RDA for Calcium. kiwi fruits are good for the respiratory system. A study conducted in Italy on small children, showed that kids who ate kiwi fruits and other citrus fruits regularly had less chances of getting respiratory problems like wheezing than those who seldom ate fruits.
Kiwi provides 4% of the RDA for Iron. Kiwi fruits are rich in fiber in food can combat and reduce your chances of contracting diseases such as diabetes by controlling the sugar level in the blood. Fiber also binds to toxins in the colon and flushes them out from the body. Fiber is known to reduce the level of bad cholesterol in the blood and can protect a person from cardiovascular diseases.
The genusActinidiacontains around 60 species. Though most kiwifruit are easily recognized as kiwifruit (due to basic shape) their fruit is quite variable. The skin of the fruit can vary in size, shape, hairiness, and color. The flesh can vary in color, juiciness, texture, and taste. Some fruits are unpalatable while others taste considerably better than the majority of the commercial varieties.The most common kiwifruit is the fuzzy kiwifruit, from the speciesA. deliciosa. Other species that are commonly eaten include golden kiwifruit (A. chinensis), Chinese egg gooseberry (A. coriacea), baby kiwifruit (A. arguta), Arctic kiwifruit (A. kolomikta), red kiwifruit (A. melanandra), silver vine (A. polygama), purple kiwifruit (A. purpurea).
64. Golden kiwifruit
The golden kiwi (Actinidia chinensis) has a smooth, bronze skin, with a beak shape at the stem attachment. Flesh color varies from bright green to a clear, intense yellow. This species is sweeter and more aromatic in flavor; the flavor is reminiscent of some subtropical fruit. Its short storage life currently limits its commercial potential. One of the most attractive varieties has a red 'iris' around the center of the fruit and yellow flesh outside. The yellow fruit fetches a higher market price and, being less hairy than the fuzzy kiwi, is more palatable for consumption without peeling.
65. Kiwi berries
Kiwi berries are composed of three species of kiwifruit, hardy kiwi (Actinidia arguta), Arctic beauty (A. kolomikta), and silver vine (A. polygama). They are fastgrowing, climbing vines, durable over theirgrowing season. The fruits are edible berry or grapesized fruits similar to the fuzzy kiwi in taste and appearance, with thin, smooth skin. They are referred to as kiwi berry, baby kiwi, dessert kiwi, grape kiwi, or cocktail kiwi.The cultivar 'Issai' is a hybrid of hardy kiwi and silver vine which can selfpollinate. Grown commercially because of its relatively large fruit, Issai is less hardy than most hardy kiwi.
Most of the plants require a male plant to pollinate a female plant for the female plant to produce fruit (dioecious). For a good yield of fruit, one male vine for every three to eight female vines is required.Other varieties can self pollinate, but they produce a greater and more reliable yield when pollinated by male kiwifruit vines.
67. Pests and diseases
Pseudomonas syringaeactinidiae(PSA) was first identified in Japan in the 1980s. This bacterial strain has been controlled and managed successfully in orchards in Asia. In 1992, it was found in northern Italy. In 2007/2008, economic losses were observed, as a more virulent strain became more dominant (PSA V).In 2010 it was found in New Zealand'sBay of Plentykiwifruit orchards in the North Island.
68. Animal consumption
Whitetail deer eat vineripened kiwifruit that falls to the ground in August through September, making it a soft mast food source. Kiwis are being used more in food plots for wildlife because of the early ripening period, providing wildlife with an abundance of sweet fruit during a time when ripened fruit is scarce.
The actinidain found in kiwifruit can be anallergenfor some individuals.Specifically, people allergic tolatex, bananas, papayas, or pineapples are likely to also be allergic to kiwifruit. The fruit also containscalcium oxalatecrystals in the form ofraphides. Reactions to these chemicals include sweating, tingling, and sore mouth or throat; swelling of the lips, tongue and face; rash; vomiting and abdominal pain, heartburn; and, in the most severe cases, breathing difficulties, wheezing, and collapse.
70. Fights and prevents wrinkles
Kiwi juice is packed with antioxidants. These help fight free radicals and delay the ageing process. Regular consumption of kiwi juice can help you fight wrinkles in a much easier way than most commercial products would. It also makes you look younger.
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